In 2010 a case of locally acquired chikungunya virus infection was reported in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur region of southern France. In 2014 a case was reported in Montpellier in the Herault region. In August 2017 a third case has been reported, again in the Var department. Travellers should be aware of the possibility of chikungunya infection in southern France and should take precautions against bites from daytime biting Aedes mosquitoes. Travel health advisers should be aware of the possibility of chikungunya infection in travellers returning from southern France with symptoms typical of chikungunya such as fever, headache, myalgia arthralgia and rash.